Property has been considered a popular path to wealth for Australians for many years. Buying your own home is often the first significant investment you will make. Purchasing another property may well be the second – even before shares and other assets.
Your first investment in property, however, need not be your home. Buying an investment property can be a good way to get your foot on the property ladder while you are renting or still living at home. It’s called ‘Reinvesting’.
Many people feel locked out of the housing market as the areas they want to live become increasingly unaffordable. Reinvesting is an alternative way to get started. Rent where you want to live that suits your lifestyle, and purchase an investment property that fits your budget.
Reinvesting therefore is a strategy that saves people from becoming renters their entire life. It gives struggling first home buyers an opportunity to enter the market, even if it’s not as their first home.
Sensible investments in property have many attractions. Property can be less volatile than shares and it tends to be regarded as a safe haven when other assets are declining in value.
Property has the potential to generate capital growth (an increase in the value of your asset) as well as rental income. There are also tax advantages associated with owning investment property.
Buying real estate, whether you are buying the family home or an investment, is one of life’s most important financial decisions. However, when buying an investment property, it is wise to remember that you are making a business decision. You are not buying from the heart, but from the head. You are buying the property because you expect it to appreciate in value and give you a financial return.
Assess your finances
When investing, it is important to assess your current financial position. What are your cash reserves and what equity do you have in your present home? Look at your long term objectives. For example, will the property be part of your retirement financial plan?
Potential changes to your current situation should also be factored in, such as the birth of a child, the loss of one income or supporting parents in their later years. It is wise to seek advice from an investment adviser or qualified financial planner to help determine your financial goals and strategies.
Why investing in property may be the answer
Australia currently faces a chronic housing shortage which, coupled with a rapidly expanding population (through natural increase and immigration), has pushed rental vacancy rates to historic lows and put upward pressure on rents. There are simply not enough houses to go around in certain parts of Australia. An investment plan is one that works towards building your wealth and securing your financial freedom.
For some, the future may seem a long way off, but the time to act is always now, because the future waits for no one. The housing market is generally a seven to ten year cycle. There are always highs, lows and steady patches. The decisions you make today will determine the lifestyle choices you have in the future.
The following factors should be taken into consideration when purchasing property as an investment:
- the likely return – yield and capital growth
- buying and selling costs
- cost to borrow money, ie interest rates
- how attractive the property will be for likely tenants or future buyers
Do your homework
First you need to work out how much you can borrow. This is where our services will really help you. Make sure you have an accurate and detailed budget that takes into account all expenses associated with purchasing a property including stamp duty, council rates and other fees. Research the area’s average rental yields, historical price growth and future expectations. Talk to your local council about future infrastructure and additional planned services.
Invest the time to fully understand the market – it could make a big difference to future investment returns. A mortgage is a big commitment and you may have to make changes to your regular spending practices if you are to meet your repayments with ease. Include water and council rates and items such as insurances and maintenance in your budget planning.
Professional property management frees you from dealing with tenant issues and gives you more time to concentrate on your portfolio. Your property manager is also up-to-date with changes to the Residential Tenancies Act and is better suited to negotiate with your tenant on your behalf should the need arise. They are also in a position to obtain credit checks on potential tenants and have access to tradespeople. If you prefer to stay one step removed and not deal personally with your tenants, then a property manager is definitely recommended.
Tenants come and go. Make sure your cash flow is sufficient to cover the mortgage and other outgoings when the property is empty. Don’t think that you always have to increase the rent either. Sometimes it is more cost effective to have the same long term tenant in your property than have weeks of vacancy trying to achieve a higher rental yield.
Every property will have compromises
Don’t miss a good opportunity because you are waiting for the ‘perfect’ house or apartment. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Your selection criteria should include:
- Location: Is it close to schools, shops, day care and sporting facilities?
- Transport: Is it close to bus stops and train stations?
- Demographics: Consider population numbers, growth and density.
- Suitability to rent: Are the rooms big enough? Are there usable living spaces inside and outside and other features such as garaging and storage?
- Future potential: Can the property be renovated or developed? Are there any plans to develop surrounding properties, eg high density dwellings?
- Affordability: Stay within the second and third quartile of prices in the suburb for price and rent
Finding your deposit
There is more than one way to finance your deposit.
The good old… save a deposit!
The most simple and straightforward method of making a property purchase is to save a deposit.
Use the equity in your home/other property.
For investors, however, one of the most popular ways to finance your first and subsequent properties is by accessing the equity in your home (or other property).
If you are already repaying your own home or have an investment property, you may have enough equity to use as a deposit for your next property purchase.
Buying through your SMSF
Did you know that you can use your self-managed superannuation fund (SMSF) to buy an investment property? You will need to consult your accountant or financial advisor with regards to:
- what you can and cannot do in a self-managed super fund (SMSF),
- benefits of using an SMSF to buy a property,
- challenges and pitfalls,
- using the correct trust structures,
- how to correctly source and set up the finance, and
- how to buy an investment property through a superannuation fund.